Thus, a localized expansion of the isotropic grid must be accompanied by a localized contraction of that same grid. 'Charge' is then defined as such an expansion or contraction, just as mass decreases or increases with the expansion or contraction of the positional field.
Attraction of positive and negative charges is analogous to the distortion and subsequent return to default states in an accelerated positional field which obtains uniform motion, i.e. the rearward expansion ot the field is 'attracted' to the forward compression.
The acceleration of a charged particle is accomplished by the push or pull on the charge by another which bends the isotropic grid in the direction of motion. The reaction velocity then follows this asymmetry while the positional field is left behind due to finite transmission velocity. When the distortion of the positional field exactly cancels the distortion of the local isotropic grid (electric field), the obsevable rate of acceleration is achieved.
But a state of constant acceleration is impossible for an extended body.
In the case or a charged particle the accelerated positional field becomes more and more distorted in the presence of constant acceleration. It therefore prohibits constant acceleration.
Therefore there is an oscillation between both resulting in photon emission.
Beginning at rest (A), the particle is centered in both the positional (blue) and isotropic charge field (yellow). Another charge appears and pulls the 'object' charge , distorting it (B). The object i-field has a maximum distortion given the 'force' bearing on it from the 'attracting' charge. When this limit is reached the distortion stops.
(C) The particle accelerates by interacting with its i-field but the front of the i-field in not notified of that motion instantaneously. Therefore, the stress on the i-field is relieved until such time as the front receives notice to that effect and resumes being pulled to the source charge. Now the particle self-interacts with the distorted p-field and slows down allowing the p-field to catch up. It then must wait for notice of the renewed i-field distortion in order to follow that distortion.
The distortion of an accelerated positional field is ellipsoidal and possesses two foci.
If all protons were removed from the universe what would occur?
The electric potential then must be, in the initial state of the universe, just 0. And the gravitational interaction strength must be 1, extrapolating back from its present. value (~10^-39).
We may justifiably conjecture then that as the gravitational interaction diminishes the electromagnetic increases and that they are functions of one another.
Thus, gravity pulls electrons together and as they 'clump' their potential increases at the expense of the gravitational potential. This is only possible because the proton (+) acts as an 'enabler' for gravity by cancelling the electron (-) charge thereby allowing the electric potential to increase much more than it would if allowed only to go to a degree of 'clumpiness' wherein both potentials were equalized.
Relativistic magnetic fields arise from the lateral (with respect to the viewer) displacement of charges. Such displacements give the appearance of 'contraction' (see Relativity) relative to the observer.
Differential displacement of (+) and (-) charges creates an apparent contraction of the higher velocity charge stream. Angles A, (in the above illustration) show the appearance of charges in a current carrying wire to a test charge moving relative to it. Light arrow is direction of motion and dark arrow is direction of resultant force on the test charge.
An intrinsic angular momentum results from rotation at right angles to the reaction velocity.
Net unit rotations cancel for stationary particles. 'Observable' rotation increases in the direction motion in the manner of relativistic mass increase.