Photon Model

 I
've tried to make a reasonable animation for a photon model. Unfortunately I don't have the software to really do what I would like.

The gray piece going up is the energy carrying, radially symmetric "bullet" that remains linearly localized throughout its existence and spreads out as 1/r2. The standard looking red & blue wave represents the incomplete standard model which spreads out as 1/r (like water ripples from a dropped stone).

It is the gray piece which cannot be polarized. Because it is radially symmetric, it must simply go through a set of two polarizers in the same fashion regardless of their orientation. Whereas the standard component has the up and down motion which can be eliminated entirely by two polarizers placed at right angles to the light source and to each other.

There is an important distinction between the two pieces.

• The bullet component carries away energy.
• The wave component carries mostly information.
This may be difficult to explain. Nevertheless, here is my interpretation.

The difference lies in the concepts of elastic and inelastic ... reflexible and reorderable as explored in section 12. The wave component is part of the isotropic field which supports electrical charges while the bullet component is part of the positional field which generated it.

Observe the present state of the universe. The matter is all "clumped up" in planets, stars, galaxies. How did it get this way and more to the point, how does it stay that way? If matter is attracted to other matter, some force moves it to a clumped location. However, if atoms are elastic, they would "rebound" out of the clump. In order to stay there, they must accelerate into the clump then "eject" some of that extra velocity (in the form of energy) so as to permanently take up residence there.

Visualize what would would happen if all the photons in the universe went back into the stars and planets from which they came. Obviously, the return of this energy would cause all the clumps to dissociate explosively.

Atoms in stars fell in there and are able to stay there because they left a corresponding quantity of energy "at large" roaming freely in interstellar space. The energy of all photons and neutrinos is exactly that representing the potential down which matter has fallen. It "fell into a well", accelerated, heated up and released photons to cool and thus does not rebound out of the well. Therefore, the placement of matter is "reorderable" ... you can move it around without it tending to resume default positions.

The isotropic grid is not reorderable. It is a single entity. It can deform elastically but will resume its default state when the cause of the deformation is removed. The expansion of a localized part of the grid requires the compression of that grid as well (to preserve the identity of "unit length" which the grid measures). It may also be twisted along with a corresponding opposite twist but may not rotate in principle (there being nothing to rotate relative to).

The isotropic grid and the positional field are intimately related through Planck's constant. A compression at the front of an accelerating positional field generates an expansion (charge) of the isotropic field at the same place while the corresponding expansion at the rear generates an isotropic compression (the opposite charge).

The positional field photon component is part of the mass/energy of the particle itself traveling away from the center of the field. The particle has ejected part of itself into the volume of its own field. It carries mass/energy and is the other end of a "balanced dumbell" from the point of emission. The particle goes one way ... the photon (linearly localized) the other.

The standard model photon component (which advances outward radially from the point of emission) jiggles things around but does not lift electrons out of atomic orbits. We detect the signal's information (as in a radio) but any energy detected has been weakened enormously as 1/r from the source whereas the photons of the other sort have deminished as 1/r2 as a group but no one of them has diminished at all.

#### The energetic (positional) component puts another particle that it collides with at a new position in a new state of motion. The informational (isotropic) component starts another particle moving, stops it at another position, then restores it to its original position.

Another simple example:
Suppose a single photon strikes a target and generates light which an observer "sees". (I have read of this elsewhere.) Now, one might ask the question "How many observers can detect this single photon?". The answer must be "Any number", i.e anybody who cares to look in the direction of the apparatus. The observers see the isotropic component while the positional component has struck the target. And wave/particle duality is given a new understandability.

 Wave-particle duality is similar to the phlogiston theory of heat in that each attempts to pass off an "identification" as an "explanation". Each is equivalent to the statement "I don't understand it ... but there it is.".
```

```
```
```